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Posts by: Gillian Smith

Delegated Regulation Further Extending Temporary Clearing Exception for PSAs Under the Regulation on OTC Derivatives, CCPS and Trade Repositories (Regulation 648/2012) EMIR Published in OJ

 

An amendment to EMIR entitled Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/610 was published in the Official Journal of the EU (“OJ“). The Delegated Regulation concerns the extension of transitional periods relating to Pension Scheme Arrangements (“PSAs“) and was adopted by the European Commission on December 20, 2016. The Delegated Regulation came into force the day after it was published in the OJ, being April 1, 2017.

European Commission Publishes Draft Seventh Implementing Regulation Extending Transitional Periods Related to Own Fund Requirements for CCPS Exposures

 

On March 31, 2017, the European Commission published a draft version of an Implementing Regulation on the extension of the transitional periods related to own funds requirements for exposures to Central Counterparties (“CCPs“), set out in the Capital Requirements Regulation (Regulation 575/2013) (“CRR“) and EMIR.

The Commission adopted an initial Implementing Regulation (Regulation 591/2014) in June 2014, extending the 15-month periods referred to in Article 497(1) and (2) of the CRR and in the first and second subparagraphs of Article 89(5)(a) of EMIR by six months, to December 15, 2014. The most recent Implementing Regulation, adopted by the European Commission on December 9, 2016, extended the transitional periods to December 15, 2016.

To avoid market disruption and to prevent penalizing institutions by subjecting them to higher own funds requirements during the process of authorization and recognition of existing CCPs, the latest Implementing Regulation extends the transitional periods by an additional six months, to June 15, 2017.

Delegated Acts Under the MiFID II Directive (2014/65/Eu) Published in OJ

 

On March 31, 2017, 28 Delegated Regulations supplementing the Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (“MiFID II“) (2014/65/Eu) and the Markets in Financial Instruments Regulation (Regulation 600/2014) (“MiFIR“) were published in the OJ, together with a Delegated Directive supplementing the MiFID. The Delegated Regulations will enter into force 20 days after their publication in the OJ (that is, April 20, 2017). They will apply from January 3, 2018, with the exception of certain provisions in Delegated Regulations 2017/567, 2017/571, 2017/581, 2017/583, 2017/587, 2017/588 and 2017/590.

The Delegated Regulations are:

  1. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/565 of April 25, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to organizational requirements and operating conditions for investment firms and defined terms for the purposes of that Directive;
  2. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/566 of May 18, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to regulatory technical standards (“RTS“) for the ratio of unexecuted orders to transactions in order to prevent disorderly trading conditions;
  3. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/567 of May 18, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to definitions, transparency, portfolio compression and supervisory measures on product intervention and positions;
  4. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/568 of May 24, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the admission of financial instruments to trading on regulated markets;
  5. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/569 of May 24, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the suspension and removal of financial instruments from trading;
  6. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/570 of May 26, 2016, supplementing MiFID II on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS for the determination of a material market in terms of liquidity in relation to notifications of a temporary halt in trading;
  7. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/571 of June 2, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS on the authorization, organizational requirements and the publication of transactions for data reporting services providers;
  8. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/572 of June 2, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS on the specification of the offering of pre- and post-trade data and the level of disaggregation of data;
  9. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/573 of June 6, 2016, supplementing MiFID II on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS on requirements to ensure fair and nondiscriminatory co‑location services and fee structures;
  10. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/574 of June 7, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the level of accuracy of business clocks;
  11. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/575 of June 8, 2016, supplementing MiFID II on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS concerning the data to be published by execution venues on the quality of execution of transactions;
  12. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/576 of June 8, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the annual publication by investment firms of information on the identity of execution venues and on the quality of execution;
  13. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/577 of June 13, 2016, supplementing MiFIR on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS on the volume cap mechanism and the provision of information for the purposes of transparency and other calculations;
  14. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/578 of June 13, 2016, supplementing MiFID II on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS specifying the requirements on market making agreements and schemes;
  15. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/579 of June 13, 2016, supplementing MiFIR on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS on the direct, substantial and foreseeable effect of derivative contracts within the Union and the prevention of the evasion of rules and obligations;
  16. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/580 of June 24, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS for the maintenance of relevant data relating to orders in financial instruments;
  17. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/581 of June 24, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS on clearing access in respect of trading venues and central counterparties;
  18. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/582 of June 29, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS specifying the obligation to clear derivatives traded on regulated markets and timing of acceptance for clearing;
  19. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/583 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFIR on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS on transparency requirements for trading venues and investment firms in respect of bonds, structured finance products, emission allowances and derivatives;
  20. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/584 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS specifying organizational requirements of trading venues;
  21. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/585 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS for the data standards and formats for financial instrument reference data and technical measures in relation to arrangements to be made by ESMA and competent authorities;
  22. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/586 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the exchange of information between competent authorities when cooperating in supervisory activities, on-the-spot verifications, and investigations;
  23. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/587 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFIR on markets in financial instruments with regard to RTS on transparency requirements for trading venues and investment firms in respect of shares, depositary receipts, exchange-traded funds, certificates and other similar financial instruments and on transaction execution obligations in respect of certain shares on a trading venue or by a systematic internalizer;
  24. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/588 of July 14, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS on the tick size regime for shares, depositary receipts, and exchange-traded funds;
  25. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/589 of July 19, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS specifying the organizational requirements of investment firms engaged in algorithmic trading;
  26. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/590 of July 28, 2016, supplementing MiFIR with regard to RTS for the reporting of transactions to competent authorities;
  27. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/591 of December 1, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the application of position limits to commodity derivatives; and

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/592 of December 1, 2016, supplementing MiFID II with regard to RTS for the criteria to establish when an activity is considered to be ancillary to the main business.

European Commission Republishes CMU Report on Addressing National Barriers to Capital Flows

 

The European Commission has republished a report as part of its Capital Markets Union (CMU) initiative on addressing national barriers to capital flows.

The European Commission originally published the report in February 2017, but later removed it from its website. The European Commission stated that it was made aware of certain inaccuracies, mainly due to incomplete or conflicting information, and so decided to adopt an amended version. The majority of the changes relate to the removal of references to specific member states.

In the report, the European Commission sets out the initial findings of its expert group of representatives of member states on national barriers to cross-border capital flows and the steps that the Commission expects member states to take to address them. The issues highlighted include barriers to the cross-border distribution of investment funds, national approaches to crowdfunding and residence requirements on managers of financial institutions.

European Commission Responds to ECON Concerns About MiFID II Systematic Internalizers Operating Broker Crossing Networks

 

The European and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON) has published correspondence between the European Parliament’s negotiating team for the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (“MiFID“) II package of measures and Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis about concerns relating to the potential establishment of networks of systematic internalizers (“SIs“) and of other liquidity providers that might circumvent certain MiFID II obligations, in particular concerning the trading of shares.

In a letter dated February 24, 2017, the negotiating team refers to the European Securities and Markets Authority’s (“ESMA“) letter from February 1 to Olivier Guersent, Director General, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union. The negotiating team and ESMA share the same concern that certain investment firms may be setting up interconnected SIs to cross third-party buying and selling interests via matched principal trading or other types of back-to-back transactions. The negotiating team has asked the European Commission to examine whether these practices comply with the letter and spirit of the MiFID II framework.

Mr. Dombrovskis responded in a letter dated March 16, 2017, setting out the conclusions of an initial investigation into the issue. He explained that a group of exchange operators are concerned about attempts to establish broker crossing networks in which both SIs and high frequency trading (HFT) firms interact in a manner that market operators describe as multilateral. Market operators are concerned that such networks may not be considered a multilateral trading system by all competent authorities, and so some variants of broker crossing networks may not be required to be authorized as multilateral trading facilities (“MTFs“). On the other hand, investment firms argue that the establishment of electronic links between SIs and other liquidity providers would not amount to the creation of an MTF. Market operators have requested that guidance be issued to the effect that such networks involving the rapid exchange of order information between participating SIs is an MTF and should be authorized as such.

The European Commission proposes to engage in a dialogue with ESMA and competent national regulators to determine the jurisdictions that the alleged broker crossing networks could potentially be established in. The European Commission will then engage with the relevant authorities on how to address the establishment of such networks within the MiFID II rules.

European Commission Publishes Inception Impact Assessment on New Prudential Framework for Investment Firms

 

The European Commission has published an inception impact assessment on its review of the appropriate treatment for investment firms.

The impact assessment relates to the Commission’s review of the prudential framework for investment firms, as required by Articles 293(2), 498(2), 508(2) and 508(3) of the Capital Requirements Regulation (“CRR“) (Regulation 575/2013). In November 2016, the European Banking Authority (“EBA“) published a discussion paper on a new prudential framework, with the aim of submitting an opinion and report to the European Commission by June 30, 2017.

The impact assessment provides an overview of the background to the initiative and the European Commission’s ongoing work. The European Commission states that, in light of the EBA’s consultation on the prudential framework, it does not intend to launch its own public consultation. It is, however, carrying out a consultation with industry stakeholders on the proposal. In particular, it intends to liaise with the industry on aspects of the proposal, such as the calibration and impact of any changes to the regime and foreseeable potential costs.

The European Commission states that the bulk of any new rules will take the form of a Regulation. This will be accompanied by a Directive covering elements that need to take the form of a directive for legal reasons, such as organizational and authorization requirements and corporate governance.

The impact assessment indicates that the European Commission will adopt a legislative proposal in the fourth quarter of 2017.

The European Commission is seeking feedback on the impact assessment. The European Commission’s website on impact assessments states that the deadline for comments is April 19, 2017.