FDIC

Bill Introduced in Congress to Make “Valid When Made” the Law of the Land

 

Chief Deputy Whip Patrick McHenry (R, NC-10), the Vice Chairman of the House Financial Services Committee, introduced H.R. 5724, the Protecting Consumers’ Access to Credit Act of 2016, which would reaffirm the longstanding legal precedent under the National Bank Act and the Federal Deposit Insurance Act that federal law preempts a loan’s interest if valid when made. The legislation was introduced to address one of the issues raised by the Second Circuit in Madden vs. Midland Funding. Legislation.

Agencies Finalize Rule Exempting Certain Commercial and Financial End Users from Initial and Variation Margin Requirements

On August 1, 2016, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Finance Agency and the Farm Credit Administration announced a final rule that contains certain exemptions for “certain commercial and financial end users from margin requirements for certain swaps not cleared through a clearinghouse.”  The rule implemented without any changes the interim final rule from November 2015. Press Release. Press Release. Press Release. Press Release.

Agencies Permit Reduced Content Resolution Plan Submissions for Firms with Limited U.S. Operations

On June 10, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation allowed 84 entities with limited activities in the United States “to file reduced content resolution plans for their next three resolution plans.”  These reports are required under federal law and relate to each entity’s planned response to various insolvency events. FDIC Release. FRB Release.

Banking Agencies Permit “Reduced Content” Living Wills for Smaller FBOs

On June 10, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board and Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation announced they are permitting 84 foreign banking organizations (not identified) with limited U.S. operations to file “reduced content” resolution plans for their next three resolution plans.  As reported, the decision is intended “to increase clarity and reduce burden by creating more certainty around future filing requirements.”  All of the 84 firms have less than $50 billion in total U.S. assets.  The agencies said “the reduced content plans should focus on changes the firms have made to their prior resolution plans, actions taken to improve the effectiveness of, or that may alter, those plans, and, where applicable, actions to ensure any subsidiary insured depository institution is adequately protected from the risks arising from the activities of nonbank subsidiaries of the firm.  The first of these reduced content plans must be submitted to the agencies by December 31, 2016. To file reduced content plans for the next three years, the firms must maintain less than $50 billion in U.S. assets and not experience any material events.

Agencies Extend Deadline for Certain Foreign Banking Organizations’ Resolution Plan Submissions

On June 8, 2016, the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation extended the deadline for Barclays PLC, Credit Suisse Group, Deutsche Bank AG, and UBS to present their upcoming resolution plans to July 1, 2017, as a result of these entities engaging in restructuring in order to be in “compliance with the Federal Reserve Board’s Intermediate Holding Company (IHC) requirement[.]” Press releasePress release.

FDIC Settles RMBS Litigation for $190 Million with U.S. Financial Institutions

On May 26, 2016, the FDIC reached a $190 million settlement of RMBS claims against eight financial institutions, including Barclays Capital Inc.; Deutsche Bank Securities Inc.; Goldman, Sachs & Co; RBS Securities Inc.; and UBS Securities LLC. The settlement resolves six separate suits brought in 2011 and 2012 in California and Alabama alleging misrepresentations within the defendant underwriters’ RMBS offering documents.  The FDIC, as a receiver, will distribute the settlement funds among five failed bank receiverships.  FDIC Settlement Agreement.

U.S. Treasury Department Issues White Paper on Online Marketplace Lending Industry

On May 10, 2016, the Department of the Treasury issued a white paper on online marketplace lending that maps the current market landscape, reviews industry insights and offers policy proposals for the road ahead.  Based on approximately 100 responses from online marketplace lenders, financial institutions, investors and other key industry figures, the Treasury, in consultation with the CFPB, FDIC, Federal Reserve Board, FTC, OCC, SBA and SEC, made several notable recommendations and observations.

The white paper explores policies that would expand regulatory oversight, including standardized representations and warranties in securitizations, pricing methodology standards, the implementation of a registry for tracking data on transactions and the reporting of loan-level performance, among others.  In addition, the Treasury mentions potential cybersecurity threats, anti-money laundering, the uneven protections and regulations in place for small business borrowers and the growth of the mortgage and auto loan markets as some of the emerging trends to monitor.  The Treasury is also considering the role of federal agencies in regulating these areas, including the formation of an interagency working group for online market place lending.  Press ReleaseWhite Paper.

The SEC is Seeking Comment on a Joint Agency Proposed Rule Relating to Incentive-based Compensation Arrangements

On May 6, 2016, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Treasury (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued and sought comment on a joint proposed rule to implement section 956 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) relating to the prohibition on and the disclosure of information of incentive-based compensation arrangements.  The deadline for comments is July 22, 2016.  Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Request for Comment.

Agencies Propose Net Stable Funding Ratio Rule

On May 3, 2016, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Reserve and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency proposed a rule, the net stable funding ratio (the “NSFR”), to strengthen banks by requiring them to maintain a minimum level of stable funding relative to the liquidity of their assets, derivatives and commitments over a one-year period.  The most stringent of the NSFR’s requirements would apply to, among others, banking organizations with $250 billion or more in total consolidated assets.  The NSFR would become effective January 1, 2018.  ReleaseProposed Rule.

The FDIC Rescinds De Novo Time Period Extension

On April 6, 2016, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”) rescinded Financial Institution Letter (FIL) 50-2009, Enhanced Supervisory Procedures for Newly Insured FDIC-Supervised Depository Institutions.  The Financial Institution Letter extended the de novo period from three to seven years for newly organized, state nonmember institutions for examinations, capital maintenance and other requirements.  Release.