Last week, we examined the recent Third Circuit decision in Advanced Fluid Systems, which held that a trade secrets plaintiff did not need to be an owner or a licensee of the alleged trade secrets to bring a state law misappropriation claim under Pennsylvania’s UTSA—all that was required was that the plaintiff had “lawful possession” of the trade secrets. In so holding, the Third Circuit added to the weight of the Fourth Circuit’s similar analysis of Maryland’s UTSA in DTM Research, L.L.C. v. AT&T Corp., 245 F.3d 327 (4th Cir. 2001).
Companies face risks and problems that often don't fit neatly into a single area of the law. Clients engage Caroline to defend them in high-stakes, complex investigations and litigation because of her commitment to her clients and her ability to draw from her experience in IP, criminal, and commercial disputes to craft creative and aggressive strategies consistent with her clients' business objectives and appetite for risk.
Caroline specializes in intellectual property litigation, with a particular emphasis on disputes involving trade secret misappropriation and trademark infringement claims. She has handled multiple trials before judges and juries, in state and federal court, and before the International Trade Commission (ITC). In this space, she has represented and defended companies across the life sciences, pharmaceutical, materials, manufacturing, tech, and financial sectors.
Caroline also has significant expertise defending clients facing investigations or charges by state and federal prosecutors, as well as civil enforcement proceedings from regulatory agencies. She recently obtained a swift acquittal for a client charged with Hobbs Act extortion after a federal criminal trial, and has successfully defended clients against allegations of public corruption and fraud, resulting in decisions not to prosecute. Caroline has helped clients navigate investigations involving the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), trade secret theft, and insider trading; she has also helped companies develop policies to manage risks in those areas.
Caroline maintains an active pro bono practice. She has drafted amicus briefs in cases pending before the U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals, worked on prisoner’s rights, domestic violence, and housing cases, and currently represents children and refugees in asylum proceedings in conjunction with Kids In Need of Defense (KIND) and the Political Asylum / Immigration Representation (PAIR) Project . In 2013-14, Caroline was selected to serve in the Boston Bar Association’s Public Interest Leadership Program. In 2017, she was named an Up & Coming Lawyer by Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly, and has been named a Rising Star by Super Lawyers in 2016 - 2020. Caroline is an ambassador in the Move the Needle initiative, a trailblazing collaboration between Orrick, Diversity Lab, leading GCs, and four other law firms to advance diversity and inclusion in the legal profession through ambitious goals and bold experimentation.
Posts by: Caroline Simons
An ongoing, headline-grabbing trade secret theft prosecution against a Chinese spy is also quietly presenting a, say, disquieting attempt by prosecutors to stretch the law on what it is required to plead and prove. On the civil side, when a plaintiff sues for trade secret theft, there’s almost always a hotly contested point of proof on whether the alleged stolen material is really a trade secret. It’s well-established, though, that when the government charges a defendant criminally with the inchoate forms of trade secret theft—attempt or conspiracy being the two spelled out under the Economic Espionage Act—the government has no burden to prove that the underlying information was actually a trade secret. (Loyal readers will recall our recent post on United States v. O’Rourke, where the defendant tried to argue otherwise at sentencing.) Now, in a brief filed just last week, the government seems to be taking this one step further and arguing that it has no duty even to identify the trade secrets at issue. READ MORE